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Q&A Public Health Precautions for Ebola Virus Disease

    The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EbolaHemorrhagic Fever) in West Africa is becominga recent “hot topic” in media after the consecutive epidemic of H7N9 avianinfluenza in 2013 and 2014. Still haunted by the threat of 2003 SARS and theterror caused by the historical pandemics, the public who have been watchingclosely the development of Ebola outbreak have raised several importantquestions regarding the chance of China being affected, the danger of theoutbreak, and the government’s capability in response to the infectiousdisease. With these questions in mind, this booklet is created, edited by Dr.Yu Hongjie with his team of experts and prepared under the direction of China Centerfor Disease Control and Prevention and China Association for Science andTechnology, Department of Science Popularization.

      The disease causedby Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. Although several outbreaks havebeen reported since then, none is as widespread as the 2014 outbreak. Theconfirmed case number and death count are record high, and the affected area isalso the most extensive in the history. World Health Organization (WHO) takesthe outbreak seriously and declared this “extraordinary” situation a “PublicHealth Emergency of International Concern” on August 8. As Africa declaresemergency and the whole world concerns, what is China’s response to the outbreak?Will this virus be really affecting China? What technology andadministration experience we have to counter such a virulent disease? This bookletQ & A: Public Health Precautions for Ebola Virus Disease isattempting to shed light on these questions and most importantly, to assure thepublic that built on years of experience, the government’s operationalmanagement in response to the public health emergency and the diseaseprevention and control could ensure people’s life and safety.

      Much appreciationis due for Dr. Su Qing, the director of Popular Science Press and PublishingHouse, who initiated this project.         Additional thanks are for my colleague Dr.Yu Hongjie and his team, who diligently edited the manuscript. Hopefully thisbooklet will meet people’s aspiration to understand more about EVD and providecorrect information on the prevention and control of the disease.